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Greenhouse Effect

Greenhouse Gas

Carbon Neutrality


Greenhouse Effect

What is greenhouse effect?

Greenhouse effect is a warming of Earth’s surface and troposphere (the lowest layer of the atmosphere) caused by the presence of water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane, and certain other gases in the air. Of those gases, known as greenhouse gases, water vapour has the largest effect.
Human activities contribute to global warming by increasing the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect happens when certain gases—known as greenhouse gases—collect in Earth’s atmosphere. These gases, which occur naturally in the atmosphere, include carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen oxide, and fluorinated gases sometimes known as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).
Greenhouse gases let the sun’s light shine onto Earth’s surface, but they trap the heat that reflects back up into the atmosphere. In this way, they act like the insulating glass walls of a greenhouse. The greenhouse effect keeps Earth’s climate comfortable. Without it, surface temperatures would be cooler by about 33 degrees Celsius (60 degrees Fahrenheit), and many life forms would freeze.
Since the Industrial Revolution in the late 1700s and early 1800s, people have been releasing large quantities of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. That amount has skyrocketed in the past century. Greenhouse gas emissions increased 70 percent between 1970 and 2004. Emissions of carbon dioxide, the most important greenhouse gas, rose by about 80 percent during that time. The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere today far exceeds the natural range seen over the last 650,000 years.
All of these human activities add greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, trapping more heat than usual and contributing to global warming. Source: www.nationalgeographic.org

What is greenhouse gas?

Greenhouse gas is any gas that has the property of absorbing infrared radiation (net heat energy) emitted from Earth’s surface and reradiating it back to Earth’s surface, thus contributing to the greenhouse effect. Carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapour are the most important greenhouse gases. (To a lesser extent, surface-level ozone, nitrous oxides, and fluorinated gases also trap infrared radiation.) Greenhouse gases have a profound effect on the energy budget of the Earth system despite making up only a fraction of all atmospheric gases. Concentrations of greenhouse gases have varied substantially during Earth’s history, and these variations have driven substantial climate changes at a wide range of timescales. In general, greenhouse gas concentrations have been particularly high during warm periods and low during cold periods. Source: www.britannica.com

What is Carbon Neutrality?

Carbon Neutral - or Net Zero Carbon - is a term used to describe the state of an entity where the carbon emissions caused by them have been balanced out by funding an equivalent amount of carbon savings elsewhere in the world. Such entity can be a company, a service, a product, an event or even a process.
Those savings are created through helping to fund renewable energy projects and energy efficiency projects. Many of those projects bring additional social and community benefits as well as help to reduce greenhouse gases.

How to identify and confirm that a certain fabric is recycled?

Tracking the recycled content in textile products is becoming more and more necessary and possible. People want to know for sure whether or not a material is recycled or a fabric contain recycled component. There are normally two ways to verify o identify that. One way is by system of certification such as Global Recycled Standard or GRS. Final product is traced back to their origins through systematic auditing and documentation from raw material, yarn spinning, fabric manufacturing to finishing. The second way is to add a tracing material or labelling agent in the raw material and later on test to find out the agent in the final product. Take rPET fabric as example. A tracking chemical is put in the raw PET pellets and the chemical can be detected in final fabric product through a chemical analysis.

What is pre-consumer and post-consumer textile material?

Pre-consumer textiles are by-products of yarn and fabric manufacture, for example, the thrown away cuttings of the fabrics from the cutting tables of a garment factory, leftovers after all orders are made, or textile materials which have been rejected owing to quality problems. Those materials have not reached consumers. Pre-consumer materials can be recycled. However, they are not the major task of recycling industry because they are usually low in volume. Post-consumer textiles include garments, vehicle upholstery, towels, bedding, purses, and more. They are finished products that have been purchased and used by consumers. Most of the post-consumer textile materials are landfilled, incinerated or just left around in our environment. Post-consumer textile materials are huge in volume and increase day by day. Still a very little portion of them have been recycled in any way and they are becoming a huge environmental challenge for human beings and they are the major area that human recycling efforts and resources should focus on.

What are RPET Fabrics?

A RPET fabric is an environmentally friendly fabric blend. RPET stands for Recycled Polyethylene Terephthalate, in other words, recycled PET or RPET. RPET cloth is made from recycled plastic bottles and cotton or other synthetic or natural fibers. RPET fabric blends have different blending ratios, 50/50, 60/40, 70/30, etc.  Some Facts about plastic wastes and RPET textile products: 51 billion plastic bottles go to the landfills each year. It will take 700 years before plastic bottles in landfills start to decompose Recycling 1 ton of RPET containers saves 7.4 cubic yards of landfill space RPET fabrics have a 50% lower carbon footprint than organic cotton. When buying RPET clothing, you can be rest assured that it is a recycled material. Plastics bottles that are recycled would have ended up sitting in a landfill somewhere if it weren’t for this process or turning it into a fabric. The ease of mind of providing clothing to customers that is recycled is something we take great pride in and you will too!

What is GRS?

GRS is the abbreviation of Global Recycled Stand. GRS is a voluntary product standard for tracking and verifying the content of recycled materials in a final product. The standard applies to the full supply chain and addresses traceability, environmental principles, social requirements, chemical content and labeling. The GRS covers processing, manufacturing, packaging, labeling, trading and distribution of all products made with a minimum of 20% recycled material. It also sets requirements for third-party certification of recycled content, chain of custody, social and environmental practices, and chemical restrictions.

What are the benefits of using recycled fabrics?

Using recycled fabrics can help reduce waste and conserve resources.By repurposing materials that would otherwise end up in landfills or oceans, recycled fabrics help divert waste from the environment and reduce the need for new materials. In addition, producing recycled fabrics can use less energy and water than producing new fabrics, which can help reduce carbon emissions and water usage.

How are recycled fabrics made?

Recycled fabrics are made by taking discarded materials and processing them into new fibers. The process can vary depending on the type of material being recycled, but generally involves cleaning, shredding, and melting the materials down to create new fibers. These fibers can then be spun into yarns and used to make new textiles.

Are recycled fabrics as durable as traditional fabrics?

Recycled fabrics can be just as durable as traditional fabrics, depending on the type of material and the manufacturing process. Some recycled fabrics, such as those made from recycled polyester, can be just as strong and long-lasting as virgin polyester. However, it's important to care for recycled fabrics properly to ensure their longevity.

How do I care for recycled fabrics?

Recycled fabrics can be more delicate than traditional fabrics, so it's important to use gentle cleaning methods. 1.Wash in cold water and use a mild detergent to avoid damaging the fibers. 2.Avoid using bleach or fabric softeners, which can break down the fibers over time. 3.Many recycled fabrics can be air-dried to avoid shrinkage or damage in the dryer. 4.Store them in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight.

Are there any downsides to using recycled fabrics?

One potential downside to using recycled fabrics is that the manufacturing process can still require energy and resources, particularly if the recycling process is complex. In addition, some recycled fabrics may be more expensive than traditional fabrics due to the additional processing required. However, many people feel that the environmental benefits of using recycled fabrics outweigh these downsides.